Controlled Environment Agriculture Research

Study Reveals Optimal CO2 Enrichment Levels for Strawberry Greenhouses Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Study Reveals Optimal CO2 Enrichment Levels for Strawberry Greenhouses Using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Plant Science; AgTech; AgriTech; Agriculture Technology
Key Takeaways
  1. Zhang et al., 2023, employed Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to study CO2 enrichment in strawberry greenhouses.
  2. The study aims to improve the low energy use efficiency level of CO2 enrichment in protected agriculture.
  3. The optimal CO2 concentration for maximum efficiency was found to be approximately 500 μmol mol−1.
  4. The research used a mathematical model group to calculate the leaf photosynthetic rate based on CFD-simulated CO2 concentrations.
  5. While the study is limited to short-period CO2 enrichment events, it lays the groundwork for future research that considers changes throughout the day.

A recent study by Zhang et al., 2023, has delved into the realm of CO2 enrichment in strawberry greenhouses, aiming to optimize energy use efficiency. CO2 enrichment is a critical environmental control technology that significantly enhances crop production but often operates at low energy use efficiency levels in protected agriculture systems like greenhouses.


The study employed Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation methods to replicate the CO2 diffusion process in three commercial strawberry greenhouses with varying geometric characteristics. The leaf photosynthetic rate was then calculated using a mathematical model group based on the CFD-simulated CO2 concentration distributions.

Findings on CO2 Enrichment Efficiency

The study calculated the efficiency of CO2 enrichment by analyzing the ratio of increased photosynthesis across the cultivation area to the amount of energy (in CO2 equivalent) used. The research found that the efficiency peaked when the average CO2 concentration was approximately 500 μmol mol−1. This finding provides valuable guidance for determining the target concentration of CO2 enrichment in production settings.

Limitations and Future Research

Although the study offers significant insights, it is limited to a typical short-period CO2 enrichment event. The authors suggest that future research will provide a broader analysis by considering changes in CO2 concentration throughout the day.

Implications for Protected Agriculture

The study’s findings have important implications for improving energy use efficiency in protected agriculture, particularly in strawberry greenhouses. By identifying the optimal CO2 concentration for maximum efficiency, the research contributes to the development of more energy-efficient strategies for CO2 enrichment.

Read the rest here.

Photo by Amber on Unsplash 

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